Cluster Identification in Nearest-Neighbor Graphs

Authors: Markus Maier, Matthias Hein, and Ulrike von Luxburg

Source: Algorithmic Learning Theory, 18th International Conference, ALT 2007, Sendai, October 2007, Proceedings,
Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 4754, pp. 196-210, 2007.

Abstract. Assume we are given a sample of points from some underlying distribution which contains several distinct clusters. Our goal is to construct a neighborhood graph on the sample points such that clusters are “identified”: that is, the subgraph induced by points from the same cluster is connected, while subgraphs corresponding to different clusters are not connected to each other. We derive bounds on the probability that cluster identification is successful, and use them to predict “optimal” values of k for the mutual and symmetric k-nearest-neighbor graphs. We point out different properties of the mutual and symmetric nearest-neighbor graphs related to the cluster identification problem.

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